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Category Archives: Apostle Islands National Lakeshore

Ice fractures are a subject that I love to photograph but all too frequently can’t find during the winter. Conditions have to be just right to find them. There has to be a stretch of cold weather that freezes the water. There can’t be much snow, no sleet or rain nor can it thaw and freeze. This year things came together at the Apostle Islands Ice Caves. There was open water followed by a very cold stretch and no snow to speak of. While everyone else was wandering around looking at the ice caves I was spending time looking for beautiful examples of ice fractures. Given the amount of clear ice they were not hard to find. The ice was so clear in some spots that I could see the bottom of the lake.













More photos from the Apostle Islands Ice Caves can be found on my website.

Here are a few more photos from my trip to the Apostle Islands Ice Caves. These were taken along the shoreline. We found that the ice close to Meyers Beach was not as good as it was a mile or more down the shoreline.































More photos from the Apostle Islands Ice Caves can be found on my website.


It has definitely been a bummer of a winter so far. We had a nice early snowfall in November but nothing since. Northern Wisconsin and the North Shore of Minnesota haven’t seen much snow either. We have not been able to cross country ski around home or in the Duluth Area because of the lack of snow. I suppose the positive is we have been able to do some hiking along the North Shore and there hasn’t been a mosquito in sight.

High Falls Tettegouche State Park

High Falls Tettegouche State Park

My favorite winter photography subject is the Apostle Islands Ice Caves. Unfortunately it doesn’t look like they will open this year. We stopped at Meyers Beach last week when we were up for the Apostle Islands Sled Dog Race. We expected to see some ice but we found open water. A friend said they were close to opening a few weeks ago ice pack was just about frozen solid and the National Park Service was counting down to open them but a strong wind came up and the ice pack broke up and was pushed out into the lake.


Apostle Islands Ice Caves:

Normally I’m complaining about the lack of a good winter but this year we have had a fantastic winter. Every winter I look forward to photographing the Apostle Island Ice Caves but this is the first year since 2009 that they have been accessible from the ice on Lake Superior. I was very surprised when I checked  the middle of January and found that the ice caves were already open. Normally they don’t open until January but with the cold weather they were early this year.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1471a

We immediately drove up to Cornucopia to visit the caves. This was followed by two other visits to the caves. We weren’t the only ones visiting the caves. Thanks to social media more than 140 thousand people visited the caves before they closed in mid March.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1672

In-spite of the large number of people visiting the caves I was able to get some great photos and, for the first time, my wife was able to visit the caves. As you can see by the number of blogs I wrote on the subject this was my favorite winter activity.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0983

Bald Eagle Watching:

The cold weather has been a boon for Bald Eagle watching since it concentrated the eagles in areas where there was open water. This winter we spent time visiting three locations along the Mississippi River to watch Eagles. Our most productive location was Covill Park in Red Wing, Minnesota where we always saw eagles. There were also a large number of ducks that provided entertainment when the eagle watching slowed down. The water is always open below the heating plant above Covill Park so the eagles and ducks hang out in this area.Bald-Eagle-14-1-_1996

The second best location was Reads Landing in Minnesota. On three occasions we saw large numbers of Eagles at this location. We also saw Trumpeter Swans that were hanging out in this section of the river. Viewing at this location slowed down as the winter progressed.Bald-Eagle-14-1-_0599

Alma, Wisconsin was the least productive area we visited. We only saw a significant number of eagles on one visit. On several other visits we didn’t see any eagles or only saw a few. I found this a difficult area to photograph eagles because you are usually looking into the sun.Bald-Eagle-14-1-_2164

I wrote a number of blogs describing our visits to these locations.

Trumpeter Swans Watching:

We made a number of trips to Hudson, Wisconsin to watch the Trumpeter Swans. Several people had mentioned that Trumpeter Swans hung out on the St. Croix river but didn’t know the exact location. We eventually found them in downtown Hudson.Trumpeter-Swan-Hudson-Wisconsin-14-2-_1125

Because of the very cold weather they were hanging out it a very small area of open water close to shore during the coldest part of the winter. You could walk down along the shore and photograph them and they didn’t seem to be the least concerned with your presence.Trumpeter-Swans-Hudson-Wisconsin-14-2-_1176

These trips resulted in several blogs reporting on our visits.Trumpeter-Swans-14-2-_0592

Lake Superior Ship Watching:

The very cold weather resulted in a lot of ice on Lake Superior. The early ice made for some great opportunities to photograph ships in the cold weather. One of my favorite year around activities is ship watching in Duluth and Superior Harbors so being able to photograph them working in ice was a great adventure.

Baie Cormeau

Baie Cormeau

We were able to watch ships arrive in the harbor during the very cold winter.

Baie Comeau

Baie Comeau

The Coast Guard Cutters were very active this winter and I was able to see them in action as they were breaking the ice and anchored in the harbor.

Coast Guard Cutter Alder

Coast Guard Cutter Alder

Tug Boats were also required to help break the ice when the Coast Guard was not available.

Helen H

Helen H

A large number of ships are in the Duluth/Superior docks either being repaired or for winter layup.

American Spirit

American Spirit

The long winter will continue into spring as the ice breakers are working to free the harbor of ice and the ships in layup are waiting to head out for the 2014 shipping season. The season should start in the next couple of weeks.

Coast Guard Cutter Alder

Coast Guard Cutter Alder


Rush River Ice Formations:

I discovered the Rush River Ice Formations this winter. What a wonderful place to visit. A local land owner has run piping around his property tapping into underground springs. At about two dozen locations on the property he has run vertical pipes with holes drilled into them. The result are some spectacular ice formations.Nelson's-On-the-Rush-River-14-1-_1918

Long Ski Season:

For the second year in a row we have been blessed with a lot of snow. The difference this year is that the ski season started at Thanksgiving and has continued into March. With a little luck we should be able squeeze in at least one more ski trip this year.Boulder-Lake-Ski-Trails-14-2-_1375

Our favorite location this year was the ABR Ski Trails because they usually receive early snow and they do the best job of grooming of any ski location. They are usually able to have good skiing even after warm weather because they have equipment to break up the trail in icy conditions and lay a new track.ABR-Ski-Trails-13-2-_1183

We also skied at The After Hours Ski Trails in Brule a number of times this year. This is a great location because of the large number of trails and its close proximity to Duluth.After-Hours-Ski-Trails-13-3-_3674

We discovered the Boulder Lake Ski Trails near Duluth and made sever visits to these trails. There are enough trails to provide a nice day of skiing without skiing the same trail twice.Boulder-Lake-Ski-Trails-14-2-_1378

We only made one visit, to what we consider, the most beautiful ski trails in the Midwest. These are the Swedetown Ski Trails in Calument, Michigan. They get more snow and beautiful light fluffy snow than anyplace else.Swedetown-Ski-Trails-13-2-_1124


One of my favorite activities at the Apostle Islands Ice Caves is to take close-up photos of some of the ice and frost formations. With lots of folks walking around the caves it is an approach you can use and not have anyone getting into your photographs. More photos from the Apostle Islands Ice Caves can be found on my website.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0908




These are a few more photos from my last trip to the Apostle Islands Ice Caves. The National Park Services expects to close the ice caves this coming weekend. More photos from the ice caves can be found on my website.







This past week we made our third trip to the Apostle Islands Ice Caves. This was our first trip since the caves became so popular. In 2009 when the caves were last open they attracted a little over 8,000 visitors. This year, so far, the caves have attracted over 100,000 visitors. Last weekend when the wind chills were -35 they still had 10,000 visitors.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0871

We noticed a number of changes in the caves. A lot of the beautiful ice that was on the face of the caves has deteriorated over time and appears to be rotten.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0825

On the other hand the ice flows in the caves have become massive as they have continued to build as the season progressed.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0651

The frozen falls that created pillars from the lake to the top of the bluffs have also become massive and some of them have fallen giving the appearance of ancient Roman ruins.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0795

The number of folks visiting the caves has increased. We visited midweek and arrived about 9am. The parking lot was already almost full. I had no problem with folks getting in the way of my photography as we walked several miles along the shore. However, on the way back the crowds were too large to engage in any meaningful photography.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0983

We realized that it was spring break and there were a lot of kids at the caves. It was fun watching them play on the ice. They probably went in every small cave they could find.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-3-_0966

I have never seen anyone from the park service around on previous visits but they had a huge presence on this visit. Snowmobiles, a command center was setup and a number of park officials could be seen. One ranger was riding out in the lake on an air boat.14-3-_0992

The small town of Cornucopia has been overrun with visitors. There are no parking and bathrooms are for customers only signs all over town. In spite of the problem this has been a huge boom to the local economy. With all of the people discovering the Apostle Islands bookings are way up for next summer.

More photographs from the Apostle Islands Ice Caves can be found on my website.

After a long day at the Apostle Islands Ice Caves we walked back to the car with beautiful sunset on the horizon.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1471a




One of the problems of photographing the Apostle Islands Ice Caves is that the caves face north so they don’t receive a lot of sun in the winter. Things do improve a bit as the winter winds down so if the caves are open in March there will be more sun than in January.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1702

When the sun hits the caves the colors of the rocks are spectacular. Unfortunately most of the time they are a dull color because they don’t receive any light. The other problem is photographing from the caves out into the lake particularly on a sunny day. The range of light is too much for the camera to capture.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1620

On my last visit I tried to compensate for the dynamic range by shooting multiple shots of each scene. One to capture the mid range of light, another to capture the dark areas and another to capture the light areas. I then processed the three shots into a single shot. This brings out the dark areas as well as the light areas of the scene.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1728a

Apostle Islands Ice Caves 14-1-_1675 (1)





Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves 14-1-_1652

More photos from the Apostle Islands can be found on my website.

This has been an amazing year at the ice caves. I’m still going through my photos from my trip earlier this month. Since my visit things have gone viral regarding the ice caves. This is the first time the caves have been accessible since social media became popular and people from all over the world have been visiting the caves. Over 11,000 people have been visiting the caves on the weekends. The National Park Services had to bring all hands on deck and even call in folks from the Border Patrol to help with the parking and crowd control. They have been hauling folks off of the ice that have been injured or were not able to complete the strenuous hike to the caves. All of the visitors have damaged the caves so they are no longer in there pristine condition. On the other hand in a few weeks it will all melt anyway.Apostle-Islands-Ice-Caves-14-1-_1332a


Apostle Islands Ice Caves 14-1-_1304

More photos from the Apostle Islands can be found on my website.